India has the 3rd largest sheep population country in the world. Out of this about 85% is carpet grade wool, 5% apparel grade and remaining 10% coarser grade wool for making rough Kambals/Blankets etc. The domestic produce of wool is not adequate, therefore, the industry is dependent on imported raw material and wool is the only natural fiber in which the country is deficient.
The Woolen industry suffers from inadequate and outdated processing facilities. The pre-loom and post-loom facilities are required to be modernized for ensuring quality finished products. Quality finishing of the woolen products will not only increase use of indigenous wool but will also make the product more competitive in
the international market. It will also assist in procuring better price for wool growers and will make quality raw material available to the Khadi and Handloom sector.
The production of wool in the country is not sufficient to meet the demand of the wool industry particularly of apparel sector and most of it is being imported from Australia, New Zealand and many other countries. The present requirement of different segments of Indian woolen industry is likely to grow further because of higher domestic as well as export need of woolen items.
India exports various woolen products like tops, yarn, fabrics, Ready Made Garments and Carpets. Carpet enjoys maximum share of total export.
RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT
Research & Development activities should be promoted in the country to help the wool industry to adopt regular system of quality control and maintain the quality of products, to render technical and troubleshooting services with reference to selection of raw material, controlling various adjusting equipment’s and reducing
the cost of production and improving the quality of product.
FUTURE BUDGETARY SUPPORT PLANS
• To improve quality and quantity of wool (carpet grade, specialty wool fibers such as Angora & Pashmina, apparel grade and decani grade wool).
• Reduce mortality rate of sheep and Pashmina goats by 10% to bring down mortality rate from current rate of 12-
15% to 5-7%.
• Setting up Common Facility Centers (CFCs) for creating processing facilities for wool and woolens.
• To increase employment in wool and allied industry and fulfill requirement of skilled manpower and also trained
to wool growers with new techniques.
• To provide quality stud rams, pashmina bucks and angora rabbits as foundation stock to improve breed of good
quality wool producing animals.
• Widen the uses of the coarse and colored Decani wool (Southern region) by product development and product
• To strengthen State Wool Marketing Organizations for marketing facility for raw wool and to ensure remunerative
returns to wool growers.
• Increase the demand for Indian wool in domestic and international market.